When researching MBA programs and structuring your resume, you may have some questions about MBA work experience.
Which work experiences should you include in your application? How can you know what kind of experience a business school seeks? Do you have enough work experience for MBA programs, or do you have too much?
This article will answer these questions and more, giving you insight into the best way to present yourself and your professional background to an MBA admissions committee.
What is the Purpose of Work Experience for MBA Programs?
The work experience that you include in your MBA application can tell an admissions committee a lot about who you are. It can portray how you’ve grown throughout your career, the ways in which you’ve taken initiative, the impact you’ve made on your company, and the skills you’ve obtained from your profession.
According to Valeria Wiens, Associate Director of Evaluation, Admissions, at Dartmouth’s Tuck School of Business, “The Employment History section of your application allows you to demonstrate that you are accomplished.”
In short, work experience is an essential aspect of your MBA profile and can make an extensive impression on admissions committees.
How Important is Work Experience to Admissions Committees?
Work experience for MBA programs is an essential aspect of the business school application process. Most top business school admittees have at least some professional experience, and many programs are designed for people who have had at least some full-time experience.
However, it is not impossible to get into business school without a post-graduate career, especially if you apply for a deferred MBA. In this type of program, you can gain admission to business school as soon as you finish your undergrad, take a few years to start your career, and then start working toward your MBA.
Too Much Experience, Or Not Enough?
You might be wondering how much professional experience is required in order to get accepted into a top MBA program. Every program varies slightly in its recommendations and requirements for work experience.
If you have less than two or three years of work experience, you could be at a severe disadvantage at many top business schools. For example, Harvard Business School (HBS) tends to exclusively admit students who have two or more years of experience.
However, HBS offers its “2+2” program, a deferred degree program that allows current students to apply to HBS. Through this program, students will undergo two years of professional work experience followed by two years of MBA schooling.
On the other hand, there are some schools that stress how work experience is not a defining aspect of their admissions process. One such program is UPenn’s Wharton School, which states that they sometimes accept candidates with little or no work experience as long as they demonstrate strong potential.
Ultimately, if you have fewer than three years of work experience, it is up to you to use your best judgment in applying to MBA programs. Maybe you need to make up for this experience deficiency in other aspects of your application, like a statement of purpose, or prove your capabilities and potential during your interviews.
If you think that you can effectively exhibit your potential and growth in ways other than through a post-graduate career, then you may be able to earn a spot in one of your top programs.
However, if you aren’t confident in your chance of admission without a full-time career, there are other options available. You can wait a few more years to grow in your profession, or you can apply to a deferred MBA program to ensure you have enough experience before you begin your schooling.
You may also face a disadvantage if you have too much experience. Generally, for full-time MBA students at the top business schools, the range in years of work experience is about two to eight years.
If you have over eight years of experience, you might find more success in pursuing an Executive or Part-Time MBA. These programs are geared toward those who are further along in their profession and can prove to be significantly more suitable for more experienced candidates.
Average Age and Years of Work Experience at the Top 10 Business Schools
You might be wondering where you stand in relation to other MBA candidates’ work experience. The following is a layout of the average age and years of work experience for students in the top 10 business schools.
U.S. News Ranking
Avg. Work Experience
These numbers are only averages, not absolutes. However, it might prove beneficial to compare your own age and years of experience to those of your target schools. Doing so will help you determine how well you would fit into an MBA program and if it is the best choice for you.
If you are outside of the listed ranges, don’t worry. There are many cases of MBA success later in life.
Best Types of MBA Work Experiences
When it comes to deciding which work experiences to include in your MBA application, there are a few important things to consider.
By researching your target programs and properly exhibiting what you gained from your professional experiences, you can make the most of your career background in your MBA applications.
No Business-Related Experience? No Problem
You might think that not having a business-related career, such as in the fields of finance, accounting, or management, could put you at a disadvantage in the MBA admissions process.
However, that is not the case. There are people from all walks of life in every MBA program, including those with non-business degrees and professions. Many business schools value diversity among their students’ backgrounds, as having a variety of different perspectives can maximize the learning experience.
Yale’s School of Management is an example of this; among their MBA students, there are people with backgrounds in Human Resources, Information Technology, and Media and Entertainment. So, even if you do not have a background in a typical “business” field, don’t let that discourage you from applying.
Your MBA work experience should demonstrate an array of desirable skills, particularly leadership, teamwork, and communication. In the MBA application, it isn’t about the type of work you have done but rather about what skills or lessons you gained from your experience.
For example, Harvard Business School’s website states, “rather than focus on specific categories of work experiences, applicants should focus on their roles, responsibilities, and what they have learned from the types of work experiences that they have been involved in.”
Even if you don’t have an extensive background in a business-related field, that’s okay. Just make sure that your experiences demonstrate that you are ready for the fast-paced, rigorous curriculum that these top business schools have to offer.
Acceptable Work Experience
When you think of “work experience,” the first thing that comes to mind is probably part-time or full-time paid positions. Maybe you think of a desk job or administrative work.
However, this type of background, while completely valid for the MBA application, is not the only acceptable type of experience. Maybe you haven’t held a typical nine-to-five job, or you have been involved in a unique profession; it’s still okay to include those positions in your application.
For example, Wharton accepts a variety of unique backgrounds and positions, including time in the military, the Peace Corps, on a Latter-Day Saints’ Mission, or in other voluntary or internship positions.
Regarding these types of professional experiences, Wharton says, “As with all work experiences, we are interested in the skills acquired on the job and level of progression (measured by scope of responsibilities, job title, salary).”
If you have a unique background, don’t be afraid to include it in your application. What is important is that you make sure that you are demonstrating how you grew and learned through the opportunity.
However, make sure that you know what exactly your target programs count as work experience. For example, unlike Wharton, NYU Stern considers certain positions, such as full-time work, as “professional work experience” and others, like internships, as just “work experience.” These distinctions are important to keep track of when applying.
Furthermore, Wharton does not consider graduate education as work experience, yet Stern accepts academic projects. Make sure that you check what each of your target schools considers to be work experience before filling out your applications.
Different Schools, Different Values
Different programs have different values, and you should make sure that those particular values are visible through your work experience.
For example, Kellogg School of Management outlines specific qualities that it looks for in MBA applications, including students who “can motivate a team to drive impact, are not afraid to question the status quo and seek the non-obvious solutions, [and] approach business problems with a mix of intellect, energy, and creativity.”
If applying to Kellogg, you would want to make sure that these qualities are evident when you are discussing your work experiences.
Suppose you are unable to demonstrate your target school’s qualities through your professional background. In that case, you may want to consider a more fitting school or gather experience that provides the necessary qualities and skills.
Quality Over Quantity
Don’t worry about not having an abundance of experiences or professional positions to discuss in your application. The key is to make sure you can draw from those few experiences and exhibit the skills you gained, the lessons you learned, and the successes you brought to your industry or organization.
1. What is the best kind of MBA work experience?
It’s best to include around three to five years of work experience on your MBA application. However, the “best” kind of experience is any work that can portray your growth and capabilities.
2. Does time in the military count as MBA work experience?
Generally, military service can count as work experience in the MBA application. If you plan to include this in your application, be sure to highlight any leadership roles you held or communication and teamwork skills that you gained during your time in the military.
3. Do I have to have work experience to get into an MBA program?
Most MBA programs require a minimum of two years of professional experience. While there are students with no post-graduate work experience who gain acceptance to top MBA programs, this is a very small percentage of admittees. It’s best to gather at least 2 years of work experience before applying to an MBA program.
4. How old do you have to be to apply to an MBA program?
Most MBA students are about 27 or 28 years old on average at top business schools. However, there is not a specific age requirement for MBA applicants.
5. Should I include undergraduate work experience in my MBA application?
Unless you are newly graduated or applying to a deferred MBA program, you probably should not include work experience from your undergraduate years in your application. , Ty to focus on your post-graduate positions unless you had a particularly impactful opportunity in undergrad.
6. Can you have too much work experience for an MBA?
The average MBA student at the top business schools has 4-5 years of experience. However, there is generally no set maximum work experience limit for traditional MBA applicants.
If you think that you might have too much experience for admission, you may want to apply to Executive MBA programs instead.
Work experience for MBA programs is one of the most critical aspects of your business school application. Not only can it show your professional achievements, but it can also display your best qualities and how you’ve grown professionally. You can demonstrate your potential to admissions committees and how you will contribute to their program.
By taking the time to understand your target schools and accentuating your best qualities, you can use your MBA work experience to your advantage in the MBA application and show schools why they need your perspective in their class.
About Inspira Futures
At Inspira Futures, our sole focus is to get you accepted at your dream business school. Our team of experts consists of former admission committee members and alums from Harvard Business School, Stanford GSB, and other M7 schools. Our goal is to help you write great essays, ace interviews, and win scholarships. Without any stress or hassle. Our clients have gone on to secure admits at the world's top business schools while also being winners of some of the most prestigious scholarships like Stanford Knight Hennessy, HBS Baker Scholars, and many others.